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Roots of visual mapping

This is the start of a historical survey of visual mapping. It kicks off with one well-known classic example, and follows up with a very interesting map that has more recently come to my attention. I've written about origins of mind mapping before, but now I'm assembling samples. I've also mentioned elsewhere (see the comments) that I'd like to get samples of Idea Sunbursting that Dr. Perusek wrote to me about.

Digging back in the history of visual representation of ideas

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The first is the Tree of Porphyry - a form of presentation of a taxonomy that embodies a hierarchy, much as a mind map does. Porphyry of Tyre was a Greek philosopher who lived from c.233 to c.309, C.E. . This particular example is from a Philosophy course at the University of Washington.

Then there is a facinating business map from the great Walt Disney. I use the term business map with care. Although it looks very much like a concept map, I wouldn't classify it as one, because instead of showing how concepts are linked and describing the relationships, it shows how business units of The Walt Disney Company contribute to each other's activities. I wouldn't myself call it a mind map either.

Aside from its sparkling clarity of business vision, it is interesting because of its date, 1957: Before Cornell University and Novak did work on concept maps, before Buzan had turned his Mind to Mapping and even before Idea Sunbursting.

I came across this on Peter Duke's site, dukeMedia. He saw it presented by a senior Disney executive.

(Click the image for a full-sized version)

Next, my thanks to M.H.F. who commented against my "Who invented mind mapping" article that a novel published in 1931 in England included this conversation:
"Mightn't it be a good idea if everyone had to draw a map of his own mind - say, once every five years? With the chief towns marked, and the arterial roads he was constructing from one idea to another, and all the lovely and abandoned by-lanes that he never went down, because the farms they led to were all empty?"
"And arrows showing the directions he wanted to go?" Quentin asked idly.
"They'd be all over the place," Antony sighed...

Google tells me the book was Charles Williams' "The Place of the Lion". Interesting hints and use of the words, but an early example that's suggestive of visual mapping rather than being an actual example. Getting from that description to an actual practical mapping style is quite a step.

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We have all heard, I'm sure, how Leonardo da Vinci, Winston Churchill and others used something like mind maps. I'd love to have examples to put up here. Anyone having further early examples, is welcome to send them for addition here (with acknowledgement and link back) to roygrubb [at] the above domain.

RClariana at psu dot edu 2010-04-20 22:43:30
National Public Radio - Mind mapping described in 1924

Excerpt form a letter written by Jacques Raverat to Virginia Woolf September 1924 from Vence, (Vence is in the south of France, just 10 miles north of Nice) as reported on NPR on May 23, 2004 by LINDA WERTHEIMER, host:

`My dear Virginia, one of the things I find most difficult about writing is that it has to be essentially linear. I mean you can only write or read one thing at a time, and even memory doesn't alter this fact. Now that's not at all the way my mind works. When you write a word like "neopaganism," for instance, it's as if you threw a pebble into a pond. There are splashes in the outer air in every direction, and under the surface waves that follow one another into dark and forgotten corners of my past. You are not only a writer, but a printer, and you'll see how difficult it would be to represent this odd phenomenon. One could perhaps, in the middle of a large sheet of paper, write the word "neopaganism" and then radially bits of sentences like this: Shame at the absurdities of my youth. Apologies if they really annoyed you. But almost impossible to believe that you can have taken them seriously. A desire to defend it. A desire to counterattack. Etc. Etc. And all this you see simultaneously, though even so it's only what happens on the surface.'

vic at mind-mapping dot org 2010-04-20 23:39:51
Excellent, thank you. This is even closer to modern mind mapping than the Williams' example I gave in the article.

It's a good description for such an early time, and it makes me wonder if Raverat went on to put it into practice.

One of the debts that mind mappers owe to Buzan is surely that he not only made them concrete but used his great marketing skills to popularise them and spread them globally.

There's more about this here:

Vic Gee (@VicGee on Twitter)
The master list of mind mapping &
information management software
Verna Allee 2011-06-02 11:02:35
I love this early map from Disney. It is actually closer to value network mapping than mind mapping or concept maps. Here is a description of value network mapping.
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Concept maps and web research

For me, web research and concept maps are a good pairing. As I research - I build a map. As I map - I realise new areas that need research.
This papers variously by Arguedas, CaƱas, Carnot, Carvalho, Dunn, Eskridge, Gram, Leake, Maguitman, Muldoon and Reichherzer have helped me to understand why, and see other possibilities.

Assessment by concept map

This piece discusses the nature of knowledge, the difficulty in measuring achievement in the three types of domain knowledge, and how concept maps offer one way of judging students' knowledge structure.

Framework for mind mapping

Here is a link to a set of free templates for many types of mind maps. This is good solid stuff, and if you have MindManager, there's no reason not to get it.
But if you don't have MindManager, well, there's still no reason to hold back - go and pick up the MindManager Viewer from MindJet's site. That is also free.

Knowledge mapping for communities

Here's an interesting slideshow in which authors Simon Buckingham Shum and Alexandra Okada make a case for a move away from text towards knowledge or mind mapping presentation in a knowledge community. Their objective is to change cognition, no less.

Visual mapping and recession-proofing your job

It looks like businesses are in for a tough time in 2008 and beyond. If your employer downsizes, how can you take steps to make sure you're one of the survivors?